Plato’s “Apology” and Nietzsche’s “Ubermensch”

Plato’s “Apology” and Nietzsche’s “Ubermensch”

The Apology.

Obviously you know that Socrates was put on trial and killed by his contemporaries in Athens because he would not back down from his position. But what exactly was that position, and how was he accused? I’m confused, please help

I understand that The Apology is the speech Socrates gives in his defence against charges that he is “corrupting the youth of Athens.” What does he exactly see as his own duty toward his city?

Friedrich Nietzsche, Beyond Good and Evil and On the Genealogy of Morality

To me, Nietzsche is one of the most interesting figures in recent philosophy. He has written and said some things that are very hard to hear. For instance (and I am giving you a very abbreviated explanation of his Genealogy of Morals), he claims that the invention of morality is more or less a tool of the weak to make the strong feel guilty for preying on them. Is that correct?

That aside, he raises interesting questions about how we can find a moral ground in a world in which God is dead. As a atheist, Nietzsche does not allow the concept of God to enter into his philosophical view. He also does not see traditional reason as able to give a sufficient ground for morality. So where might a ground of morality be found?

Those were my questions..

This is what the professor is asking:

Does he find morality in the “will to power” of a “noble” soul? Read this selection to find out more about what he means when he uses each term. Pay attention to the way he uses natural processes (Darwinian survival of the fittest?) as a way to talk about human morality. Be aware of how he talks about the “master mentality” and the “slave mentality.”

I’m not sure what he means by natural processes.
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